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Zones 2-9, 14-17, 31-39, 42-45
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Partial, Shade
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Moderate

Dryopteris filix-mas

Male Fern
Polypodiaceae
Evergreen, Ferns

DRYOPTERIS

This is one of the largest genera of ferns, with well over 100 species from many parts of the world. Use them in shade or woodland gardens, where their fronds contrast nicely with the foliage of other plants, especially large-leafed sorts such as hostas and hydrangeas.

Wood ferns grow best in rich soil with plenty of organic matter and regular moisture. They tolerate dry shade. As a rule, they are rather forgiving; a good choice for beginning gardeners. These plants are seldom bothered by deer or other pests.

Dryopteris filix-mas

Native to much of the Northern Hemisphere. Grows to 2–5 ft. tall and wide, with finely cut, medium green fronds to 1 ft. wide. Usually evergreen, sometimes deciduous. Tolerates considerable drought when grown in full shade.

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