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Eriobotrya japonica (photo courtesy of Doreen L. Wynja)
Eriobotrya japonica (photo courtesy of Doreen L. Wynja)

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Zone
Zones 6-31, H1, H2
Full SunPartial Sun
Full, Partial
Regular Water
Moderate

Eriobotrya japonica

Loquat
Rosaceae
Evergreen, Edible fruit, Shrubs

ERIOBOTRYA

Both species described here (one of which bears edible fruit) are Chinese natives with large, prominently veined, sharply toothed leaves that can be cut and used for indoor decoration. Both can be espaliered on a fence or trellis (but not in reflected heat) and make good container plants. Attractive to birds. Plant in well-drained soil. Subject to fireblight. Moderate water for ornamental plants; regular moisture for a good fruit crop.

Eriobotrya japonica

From China. Though this loquat produces edible fruit, it’s most often used as an ornamental. Grows to 15–30 ft. tall; spreads as wide as it is high in sun, grows narrower in shade. Leathery, crisp, stoutly veined and netted leaves are 6–12 in. long and 2–4 in. wide, deep glossy green above, woolly and rust colored beneath. New branches are woolly. Small dull white flowers, fragrant but not showy, appear in woolly 3–6-in. clusters in fall. Orange to yellow, 1–2-in.-long fruit with large seeds in the center ripen in winter or spring. Flesh may be sweet, sweet-tart, or tart, depending on the tree and variety. Eat fresh or use in preserves and pies.

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