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Zone
Zones 1-7, 15-17, 31-43
No Sun
Shade
Regular Water
Moderate

Erythronium dens-canis

Dog-Tooth Violet
Liliaceae
Bulbs and bulblike plants, Perennials

ERYTHRONIUM

Spring-flowering plants with dainty, nodding, lily-shaped blooms 1–1 1/2 in. across, on stems usually 1 ft. high or less. All have two (rarely three) broad, tongue-shaped basal leaves; these are mottled in many species. Set out in groups under deciduous trees, in rock gardens, beside pools or streams; give rich, porous soil. Plant bulbs in fall, as soon as you receive them; don’t let them dry out. Set 2–3 in. deep, 4–5 in. apart. Western species need no water during dormancy. Divide clumps infrequently—only when vigor and bloom quality decline.

Erythronium dens-canis

From Europe. Leaves are mottled brown and white. Deep pink to purple flowers arise from 6–12-in. stems; varieties are also sold in white, pink, rose, and violet. Needs some shade during hot afternoon hours. Does well under deciduous trees.

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