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Escallonia rubra (photo courtesy of Laura Dunkin-Hubby)
Escallonia rubra (photo courtesy of Laura Dunkin-Hubby)

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Zone
Zones 4-9, 14-24
Full SunPartial Sun
Full, Partial
Regular Water
Moderate

Escallonia rubra

Escalloniaceae
Evergreen, Shrubs

ESCALLONIA

Native to South America, principally Chile. These fast-growing plants look good year-round in a border or as a screen. They have handsome, glossy leaves; foliage of some exudes a resinous fragrance. Clusters of small (to 1-in.) flowers appear in summer and fall (nearly year-round in mild climates). Plants may freeze badly at 10°F to 15°F (–12°C to –9°C) but will recover quickly. They stand up to coastal conditions and high winds, and grow in most soils, except those that are highly alkaline. Prune taller types by removing one-third of old wood each year after bloom, cutting to the base; or shape into multitrunked trees. Tip-pinch smaller kinds to keep them compact. They can be sheared as formal hedges, but this may sacrifice some bloom. 

Escallonia rubra

Upright, variable, compact shrub grows to 6–15 ft. tall and wide. Leaves are smooth, very glossy dark green. Red or crimson flowers in 1–3-in. clusters. Much used as a screen or hedge, especially near the coast.

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