Plant FinderPlant Finder Graphic
Zone
Zones 1-9, 14-16, 31-45
Full SunPartial Sun
Full, Partial
Regular Water
Moderate

Euonymus europaeus

Spindle Tree
Celastraceae
Deciduous, Shrubs, Trees, Decorative fruit or berries

EUONYMUS

Deciduous and evergreen euonymus species are distinct: the characteristic squarish “hatbox” fruit common to both offers the only hint that they’re related. Deciduous types are valued for fall leaf color or showy fruit. Evergreen sorts, used mainly for landscape structure (background and foundation plants, hedges, dividers), include some of the most coldtolerant broad-leafed plants.

Most species take a range of exposures, from full sun to fairly deep shade; deciduous kinds with fall color give best display in a sunny location. Some species are very susceptible to mildew. Scale can be a problem on any euonymus.

Euonymus europaeus

This deciduous shrub or tree can reach 20 ft. tall and 15 ft. wide but is usually smaller. Green branches bear shiny green leaves to 3 in. long; fall color varies from yellowish green to yellow to red. Inconspicuous flowers mature into showy pink to red fruits that split to reveal white seeds with a fleshy bright orange appendage.

You Might Also Like...

Dictamnus albus

Native Europe to northern China. Sturdy, long lived, extremely permanent in colder climates, needing l...

Gaultheria procumbens

Native to eastern North America. Creeping stems send up erect branches to 6 in. high, with oval, 2-in....

Helleborus niger

From Europe. Leaves have no obvious stems. Elegant plant to 1 ft. tall,1 1/2 ft.wide, blooming Christm...

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

View Maps Learn More

Advertisement