Of the beeches described here, European beech (Fagus sylvatica) is by far the most widely grown. The species differ very little except in leaf details. Capable of growing 90 ft. tall and 50 ft. wide, but usually much smaller. Typically have a broad cone shape, with wide, sweeping lower branches that can reach the ground unless pruned off. Smooth gray bark contrasts well with the glossy dark green foliage. In fall, leaves first take on a bronze to red-brown color, then turn brown; many hang on the tree well into winter. Lacy branching pattern and pointed leaf buds provide an attractive winter silhouette. New foliage has a silky sheen. Little three-cornered nuts enclosed in spiny husks are edible, but too small to be of value; they often fail to fill, especially on solitary trees.Fagus sylvatica
Native from central Europe to Caucasus, this grows 90 ft. tall, 60 ft. wide, in a cone shape. Glossy green 4-in. leaves turn russet and bronzy in autumn. Produces 3-cornered edible nuts nuts. Fibrous roots make gardening underneath tricky.'Aspleniifolia'
Robust, spreading tree(50–80 ft. tall, 40–45 ft. wide),with delicate foliage: narrowleaves are deeply lobed or cutnearly to midrib.'Pendula'
Irregular, spreading form. Long, weeping branches reach to ground. Without staking to establish vertical trunk, it will grow wide rather than high. Glossy green leaves.'Purpurea Pendula'
Usually no larger than 10 ft. tall and wide; may need staking to maintain upright growth. Splendid container plant.'Riversii'
The most widely sold of the Atropurpurea group, all of which have purple leaves. Grows 50–60 ft. tall, 35–45 ft. wide. Deep reddish or purple leaves. Good in containers.Seedlings of copper beech are usually bronzy purple, turning bronzy green in summer.'Rohanii'
Leaves with wavy scalloped edges are brownishpurple maturing to dark green;unimpressive fall color (reddish or purplish brown).
Native from central Europe to Caucasus, this grows 90 ft. tall, 60 ft. wide, in a cone shape. Glossy g...
Native to Sichuan and Yunnan in southwest China. Grows about 12 ft. tall and wide, with purple-pink-wh...
Elegant specimen plant to 12–15 ft. tall, 10–12 ft. wide. Grown for silvery, willow-like f...