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Fragaria

Rosaceae
Evergreen, Perennials

Ornamental strawberries are are grown for their landscape purposes, not primarily for fruit, though Fragaria vesca also produces delectable berries. Grow in sandy or other well-drained soil.

Fragaria chiloensis
Fragaria chiloensis

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Fragaria chiloensis

Native to Pacific beaches and bluffs, North and South America. A parent of the market strawberry (see Strawberry), this forms a lush, compact mat 4–8 in. high. Glossy dark green leaves have three tooth-edged leaflets, take on red tones in winter. White, 1-in. flowers appear in spring, occasionally followed by a few bright red, seedy, 3/4-in. fruits in summer.

For use as a ground cover, set out nursery-grown plants 1–1 1/2 ft. apart. Mow or cut back annually in early spring to force new growth and prevent stem buildup.

'Lipstick'

Resulting from a cross between Fragaria and Potentilla, this low-growing perennial ground cover is similar to F. chiloensis in general appearance but bears rich rosy red flowers in spring and intermittently through summer. Use in borders, edgings, rock gardens. Produces a small number of fruits.

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