Black Lily, Chocolate lily
Bulbs and bulblike plants, Perennials
In spring, unbranched stems ranging from 6 in. to 3 ft. high are topped by bell-shaped, nodding flowers, often unusually colored and mottled. Use in woodland gardens, rock gardens, or borders.
In fall, plant bulbs in porous soil with ample humus. Set smaller bulbs 3–4 in. deep and 6 in. apart; set largest ones (Fritillaria imperialis) 4–5 in. deep, 8–12 in. apart. Bulbs sometimes rest for a year after planting or after blooming, so put in enough for yearly display. All appreciate some winter chill and tend to perform poorly where summers are hot and dry. Reduce watering as foliage dies back in summer. Once it is gone, withhold water from F. biflora until fall. F. meleagris needs moderate to regular water during dormancy; the others require some summer moisture. Clumps seldom need dividing.Fritillaria camschatcensis
Native near Pacific coast, Japan to northwestern U.S. Grows 9 to 18 in. high, with whorls of leaves around the stem. Flowering stem carries one to eight 1 1/4-in.-long, deep purple to nearly black bells.
These grow 4- to 5-ft. tall, 2 ft. wide. These English-bred hybrid groups are descended from plants na...
Native near Pacific coast, Japan to northwestern U.S. Grows 9 to 18 in. high, with whorls of leaves ar...
For ornamental species, see Rubus; see separate listings for black raspberries and red raspbe...