The fuchsia comes from wet, mountainous areas, mainly in tropical America. Most fuchsias bloom from late spring to first frost (and some bloom even longer), bearing unscented flowers frequented by hummingbirds. Popular showy-blossomed fuchsias are forms of F. x hybrida and are discussed under that heading.
Some species fuchsias have blooms that are smaller overall than those of hybrids; others bear large, tubular flowers in unusual colors. Fuchsias grow best in cool-summer areas with much moisture in atmosphere and soil. Plant in-ground fuchsias in full sun in the Northwest; give potted ones there and all fuchsias farther south either morning sun or all-day dappled shade. If you live where fog rolls in on summer afternoons, any place in your garden will supply ideal conditions. Where summers are warm, windy, or dry, seek or create favorable exposure protected from wind and hot afternoon sun.
A heavy mulch (1 1/2 - 3 in. thick) helps keep soil moist in hot climates. Frequent overhead sprinkling is beneficial in several ways: it keeps leaves clean, discourages some pests, and counteracts low humidity. Blooms appear on new wood, so do any pruning before spring growth begins. In addition to removing broken or crossing branches, you can prune as little or as much as desired to maintain size or to shape the plant.Fuchsia magellanica
Native to Chile, Argentina. In virtually frost-free areas, attains 10 ft. or taller and as wide or wider. In the Northwest, will reach 5 to 6 1/2 ft. tall and wide if not frozen back; can grow 4 to 5 ft. in a season after being frozen back. Profuse production of drooping, 1 1/2-in.-long, red-and-violet flowers in summer and fall; especially floriferous when chilly fall rains start and not much else thrives. Oval, 1/2- to 1-in.-long leaves grow in groups of two or three. Very vulnerable to fuchsia gall mite. Parent of most hybrid fuchsias, which have inherited its mite susceptibility.
Native to Japan. Symmetrical, rounded habit; grows to 4 to 8 ft. high (or more) and as wide. Thick, sh...
Native to Chile, Argentina. In virtually frost-free areas, attains 10 ft. or taller and as wide or wid...
Forms a clump to about 2 ft. tall and wide. Glossy bright green, kidneyshaped, scalloped, or shallowly...