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Gaillardia

Blanket Flower
Asteraceae (Compositae)
Annuals, Perennials, Flowers

Native to much of the U.S. Low-growing summer bloomers with daisy-like flowers in warm colors—yellow, bronze, scarlet. Plants thrive in heat and need good drainage. Easy to grow from seed and fine for cutting and borders; often reseed.

Gaillardia aristata

Parent of popular hybrid G. x grandiflora. Has been largely replaced in garden culture by its many offspring, but the wild form is still much used in revegetation and wildflower mixes. Grows to 2–2 1/2 ft. tall and 2 ft. across. Flower heads to 4 in. wide are yellow to red; the most common form has red rays with a jagged yellow border.

Gaillardia pulchella

This annual grows to 1 1/2–2 ft. high and 1 ft. wide, with soft, hairy leaves and long, whiplike stems carrying 2-in. flowers in warm shades of red, yellow, and gold. Easy to grow; sow seeds in warm soil after danger of frost is past (in Zones 12 and 13, sow in fall). ‘Red Plume’ and ‘Yellow Plume’ are double flowered, with 2-in. blossoms on uniform 12–14-in. plants.

Gaillardia x grandiflora
Gaillardia x grandiflora

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Gaillardia x grandiflora

Hybrid of G. aristata and G. pulchella. Grows to 2–4 ft. high and 1 1/2 ft. wide, with roughish gray-green foliage and single or double flowers 3–4 in. across. Much variation in flower color; range includes various warm shades of red and yellow, with orange or maroon bands. Exceptionally long bloom period for a perennial—early summer until frost. Plants flower the first year from seed.

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