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Helenium autumnale (photo courtesy of Annie’s Annuals & Perennials)
Helenium autumnale (photo courtesy of Annie’s Annuals & Perennials)

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Zone
Zones 1-24, 26, 28-43
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Helenium autumnale

Sneezeweed
Asteraceae (Compositae)
Perennials

HELENIUM

Rather coarse-looking plants, but they are valuable for profuse late summer and autumn bloom. Numerous leafy stems yield great sheaves of daisylike, typically brown-centered blossoms with yellow, orange, red, or coppery rays. In many sneezeweeds, the ray flowers are reflexed. Trim off faded blossoms to encourage long bloom. Perform best in hot-summer areas.

Can survive an occasional missed irrigation but look better with regular moisture. Give good drainage. Need little fertilizer. Taller kinds require staking and are best in the back of borders. All need division and replanting every few years.

Helenium autumnale

Native to much of North America. Grows to 5 ft. tall and 1 1/2 ft. wide. Yellow, 2-in.-wide flowers have reflexed rays. Most plants sold under this name are really hybrids; see Helenium hybrids.

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