Plant FinderPlant Finder Graphic
Heteromeles arbutifolia
Heteromeles arbutifolia

Click to Enlarge

Zone
Zones 5-9, 14-24
Full SunPartial Sun
Full, Partial
Regular WaterMinimal Water
Moderate, Minimal

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Toyon
Rosaceae
Evergreen, Shrubs, Trees, Decorative fruit or berries

Native to California Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada foothills, Baja California. Grows as a dense shrub 6 to 10 ft. tall and broad or a multitrunked small tree 15 to 25 ft. tall and spreading almost as wide (can be pruned to form a single-trunked tree). Thick, leathery, glossy dark green leaves are 2 to 4 in. long, edged with bristly, pointed teeth. Small white flowers in flattish clusters appear in summer; these are followed in fall to winter by pea-size bright red (rarely yellow) berries, much relished by birds. Flowers attract bees.

This holly-like plant, which bears its red berries in winter (like holly), is said by some to have given Hollywood its name. Others disagree.

Heteromeles arbutifolia macrocarpa, from Southern California’s Channel Islands, has larger berries.

You Might Also Like...

Ceanothus 'Blue Jeans'

From 7–9 ft. tall and wide.Small, dark green leatheryleaves. Profuse, pale powder blue clusters. Toler...

Ceanothus gloriosus

From 1–1 1/2 ft. high,12–16 ft. wide. Dark green, oval, 1-in. leaves; tough and spiny. Flowers are typ...

Magnolia sprengeri 'Diva'

Grows 40 ft. tall, 30 ft. wide. Spectacular, erect, sweet-scented, 8-in. blooms are bright rose pink o...

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

View Maps Learn More

Advertisement