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Zones A2, A3, 1-10, 14-21, 28-45
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Deciduous, Vines

Extremely fast-growing perennial vines with large, deeply lobed, toothed leaves to 6 in. long are attractive for summer screening on trellises or arbors. One species, H. lupulus, yields the hops used in beer. Bloom comes in late summer. Male plants produce flower panicles; females bear blossoms in striking greenish spikes reminiscent of pine cones.

Humulus lupulus (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)
Humulus lupulus (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)

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Humulus lupulus

From many northern temperate regions of the world. This species produces the traditional flavoring for beer. The hops, or female flowers, are soft, flaky, 1–2-in., light green cones of bracts and blossoms that emit a fresh, piny fragrance. Bright green leaves have three to five lobes. The tender top shoots can be cooked as a vegetable.

Plants sold in nurseries are typically female; no pollenizer is needed. May be offered as potted plants or as dormant roots. The roots should be planted in rich soil in early spring; set just below the surface of the soil with the thick end up.

‘Aureus’ is a female variety with golden-green, almost chartreuse leaves.

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