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Pseudotsuga macrocarpa

Bigcone Spruce, Bigcone Douglas Fir
Pinaceae
Evergreen, Trees

PSEUDOTSUGA

These big, handsome conifers include species native to the West and to Asia. Douglas fir dominates many forests from the Pacific Coast to the Rockies, and from Canada to Mexico; houses are often built among these natives. Growers have selected many smaller garden forms. The species name, which means “false hemlock,” and the common names “Douglas fir” and “bigcone spruce” hint at Pseudotsuga’s similarities with hemlock, fir, and spruce. But all are uniquely different trees.

Pseudotsuga macrocarpa

Native to Southern California. Stout-trunked tree grows to about 60 ft. tall and 30 ft. wide. Needles are similar to those of P. menziesii. Cones are much larger, reaching 4–7 in. long and 2–3 in. wide; three-pronged bracts on cones barely protrude from each side.

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