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Jasminum sambac ‘Grand Duke’ (photo courtesy of Monrovia)
Jasminum sambac ‘Grand Duke’ (photo courtesy of Monrovia)

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Zones 13-21, 23-28, H1, H2
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Full, Partial
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Jasminum sambac

Arabian Jasmine, Pikake
Evergreen, Shrubs, Vines


When one thinks of fragrance, jasmine is one of the first plants that comes to mind.

Growth habits of jasmines range from vining to vining-shrubby to decidedly shrubby. True vining types climb by twining stems. Vining shrubs do not twine, but rather put out long, slender, lax stems that must be tied into place if the plants are to function as vines. Otherwise, they’ll flop over to make green haystacks of foliage. To grow these plants as shrubs, shorten any shoots that become too long.

Jasmines grow more rapidly in good soil and bloom more profusely in sunny sites, but all adapt well to less-than-perfect conditions. When plants become tangled or untidy, cut them back heavily just before spring growth begins. Pinch and prune as needed throughout the year to control growth.

For information about star jasmine (not a true jasmine), see Trachelospermum jasminoides.

Jasminum sambac

Evergreen vining shrub thought to be native to tropical Asia. Grows to 6–10 ft. tall. Undivided glossy green leaves to 3 in. long. Blooms in summer, bearing clusters of powerfully fragrant, 3/4–1-in. white flowers. ‘Grand Duke’ has double flowers. In Hawaii, the blossoms of this species are favored for leis and are used in making perfume. In Asia, they’re used in jasmine tea.

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