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‘Inchelium Red’ garlic
‘Inchelium Red’ garlic

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Zone
Zones A1-A3, 1-45, H1, H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Garlic

Liliaceae
Bulbs and bulblike plants, Vegetables

These onion relatives, known botanically as Allium sativum, are not known in the wild. Seed stores and some mail-order seed houses sell disease-free mother bulbs (“sets”) for planting—and some gardeners have had good luck planting bulbs from grocery stores.

In mild-winter areas, plant in fall for early summer harvest; where winters are cold, plant in early spring. Break up bulbs into individual segments (“cloves”) and select the largest ones. Plant in rich, well-drained soil, setting cloves pointed end up, 1 in. deep, 3–6 in. apart, in rows 15 in. apart.

Harvest when the leafy tops fall over; lift out with a garden fork rather than pulling. Air-dry the bulbs, cut off most of the tops and roots, and store in a cool, well-ventilated place out of the sunlight. Giant or elephant garlic has unusually large (fist-size) bulbs and mild garlic flavor. Grow as for regular garlic, but space 8–12 in. apart.

For ornamental relatives, see Allium.

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