Evergreen, Shrubs, Vines
A Hawaiian native, this plant is found in various habitats—dry to wet, sea level to high elevation—and is correspondingly quite variable in appearance. In the wild, it can be seen straggling along the ground as well as twining in trees. Bears small, tubular, greenish-yellow flowers followed by shiny purple-black fruits. Main feature, however, is dark green, glossy foliage that is fragrant when bruised, as is bark of stems. Both foliage and stems are widely used in leis. Makes an attractive cover for a shaded trellis. Best in rich, well-drained soil.
From northwestern Australia. Grows to 3–4 1/2 ft. tall and wide. Similar to N. cordifolia
Native to Hawaii. Slow-growing, highly variable plant; may form a small, erect to prostrate shrub or g...
From Brazil, but naturalized at higher elevations throughout the Hawaiian Islands. Known botanically a...