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Zones 3-10, 14-34, H1, H2
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Moderate

Liriope spicata

Creeping Lily Turf
Liliaceae
Evergreen, Ground covers, Perennials

LIRIOPE

With grassy leaves and spikes of pretty violet, blue, or white flowers, these popular and durable Asian plants make attractive groundcovers, borders, and edgings along streams and garden pools. They compete well with roots of other plants; try them under bamboo or to cover bare soil at bases of trees or shrubs. Blooms last well in arrangements. For a closely related plant that is not quite as cold-hardy, see Ophiopogon.

Plants look best from spring until cold winter weather arrives. Extended freezes make leaves yellow; they take quite a while to recover.

Provide filtered sun—even full sun in cool-summer regions—to full shade. Plant in well-drained soil; tip burn appears on leaves if soil is waterlogged or contains excess salts. Though plants don’t require heavy feeding, they do become ragged and brown with neglect; cut back shaggy old foliage after new leaves appear. To increase, divide in early spring before new growth starts. Protect from snails and slugs.

Liriope spicata

Dense groundcover that grows to 8–9 in. high and spreads widely by underground stems; can be invasive. Deep green, grasslike leaves are just 1/4 in. wide. Foliage is not as upright as that of L. muscari. Pale lilac to white flowers appear in spikelike clusters barely taller than the leaves. Set plants 1 ft. apart for quick cover.

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