From the Mediterranean region. Old-fashioned favorites, with narrow gray-green leaves and profuse, erect spikes of fragrant flowers. Best in cool weather.
Stock needs light, fertile soil, and good drainage. In cold-winter areas, plant in earliest spring to get flowers before hot weather (choose early bloomers).
In mild-winter regions, plants set out in early fall will bloom in winter or early spring. Take moderate frost but will not set flower buds if nights are too chilly; late planting means no flowers until spring.
Where winter rainfall is heavy, plant in raised beds for good drainage.Matthiola incana
Valued for its spicy sweet perfume and cut flowers. Oblong leaves to 4 in. long. Flowers are single or double, 1 in. wide, in colors including white, pink, red, purple, lavender, blue, yellow, and cream. Many strains are available. Taller varieties are best for cutting.
Summer annuals. ‘Cinnamon’ has medium pink blooms; those of ‘Spice’ are light ...
Native to Armenia and the Caucasus. May be a form o fN. racemosa. Makes a thick, low mound to...
Pinkish purple flowers are held on weeping, contorted branches; best with afternoon shade.