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Monarda

Bee Balm, Oswego Tea, Horsemint
Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Herbs, Perennials

Native to eastern North America. Bushy, leafy clumps grow to 2–4 ft. high with an initial width of about 1 1/2 ft.; after that, they spread rapidly at the edges but are not really invasive. Dark green, 4–6-in.-long leaves have a strong, pleasant odor like a blend of mint and basil. In summer, upright stems are topped by tight clusters of long-tubed flowers much visited by hummingbirds. Divide every 3 or 4 years. Not long-lived in areas with warm winters and long, hot summers.

Monarda didyma ‘Marshall’s Delight’
Monarda didyma ‘Marshall’s Delight’

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Monarda didyma

The basic species has scarlet flowers surrounded by reddish bracts. All bloom over a long period of 2 months or more when spent flowers are removed. Don’t let soil dry out.

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