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Musa basjoo
Musa basjoo

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Zones 4-9, 14-32, H1, H2
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Full, Partial
Ample Water

Musa basjoo

Hardy Japanese Fiber Banana
Perennials, Decorative fruit or berries


For information on fruiting types, see Banana. The ornamental bananas described here include tree-size, medium-size, and dwarf plants. All are fast growing; all have soft, thickish stems and spread by suckers or underground roots to form clumps that are often as wide as or wider than the plant is tall.

Spectacular-looking long, typically broad leaves are easily tattered by strong winds, so choose protected planting sites. Will usually regrow from roots if cut down by frost; in frost-prone areas, locate plants where their absence won’t be conspicuous. Attractive near swimming pools. Can be grown in tubs and wintered indoors (cut tops off tall plants). Give rich soil; feed heavily.

Musa basjoo

From Japan. Possibly the hardiest of the banana clan. To 15 ft. tall, with narrow green leaves about 8 ft. long. Terminal spikes of yellow flowers may be followed by small, unpalatable fruit. Where plants freeze to the ground, spring regrowth will be quicker if trunks are heavily mulched in winter.

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