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Musa basjoo
Musa basjoo

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Zones 4-9, 14-32, H1, H2
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Full, Partial
Ample Water

Musa basjoo

Japanese Banana
Perennials, Decorative fruit or berries


The ornamental bananas described here include tree-size, medium-size, and dwarf plants (for information on fruiting types, see Banana). All are fast growing; all have soft, thickish stems and spread by suckers or underground roots to form clumps that are often as wide as or wider than the plant is tall.

Spectacular-looking long, typically broad leaves are easily tattered by strong winds, so choose protected planting sites. Will usually regrow from roots if cut down by frost; in frost-prone areas, locate plants where their absence won’t be conspicuous. Attractive near swimming pools. Can be grown in tubs and wintered indoors (cut tops off tall plants). Give rich soil; feed heavily.

Musa basjoo

From Japan. Possibly the hardiest of the banana clan. Grows to 15 ft. tall, with narrow green leaves about 8 ft. long. Terminal spikes of yellow flowers may be followed by small, unpalatable fruit. Where plants freeze to the ground, spring regrowth will be quicker if the trunks are heavily mulched in winter.

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