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Muscari

Grape hyacinth
Liliaceae
Bulbs and bulblike plants, Perennials

Native to the Mediterranean and southwestern Asia. Clumps of grassy, fleshy leaves appear in fall and live through cold and snow. Spikes of small, typically urn-shaped blue or white flowers (fragrant, in some species) bloom in early spring.

Plant in early fall, setting bulbs about 2 in. deep and 3 in. apart in well-drained soil. Plant in masses or drifts under deciduous flowering trees or shrubs, use in edgings and rock gardens, or grow in containers. Very long-lived. Dig and divide when clumps become crowded. Plants self-sow under favorable conditions.

Muscari armeniacum
Muscari armeniacum

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Muscari armeniacum

From northeast Asia Minor. Dense spikes of bright blue, urn-shaped flowers top 8-in. stems. Folige is green and grows in clumps.

Muscari botryoides

From central and southern Europe to the Caucasus. Medium blue flowers cluster atop 1-ft. stems. ‘Album’ has white flowers. Green grassy foliage is in clumps.

Muscari latifolium

From Asia Minor. Possibly the showiest of the grape hyacinths. Each bulb produces just one leaf and a flowering stem to 1 ft. tall. Flowers on the lower part of the spike are deepest violet; those on the upper part, vivid indigo blue.

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