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Narcissus, Trumpet daffodils

Trumpet daffodil
Bulbs and bulblike plants, Perennials


Beyond their fascinating variety in flower form and color, these natives of Europe and North Africa offer numerous appealing traits. They are permanent, increasing from year to year; they stand up to cold (most are hardy to –30°F/–34°C) and heat; and they are useful in many garden situations. Given minimum care at planting, they thrive with virtually no further attention. These plants do not require summer watering (but will take it), need only infrequent division (and will even survive without it), and are totally unappetizing to gophers and deer. They bloom in late winter or spring. All plants known by the names “daffodil,” “narcissus,” and “jonquil” are properly Narcissus.

Flowers may be borne singly or in clusters. Colors are basically yellow and white, but there are many variations: shades of orange, red, apricot, pink, cream. Some are fragrant. Leaves may be straight and flat (strap shaped) or narrow and rushlike.

Use them among trees and flowering shrubs, in groundcover plantings, near water, in rock gardens, or in borders. Naturalize them in sweeping drifts where space is available.

Narcissus, Trumpet daffodils

The trumpet is as long as or longer than the surrounding perianth segments; one flower to each stem. Best known are yellow ‘King Alfred’ and ‘Dutch Master’, but newer yellow-flowered ‘Marieke’ and ‘Primeur’ are superior. Pure white varieties include ‘Mount Hood’. Bicolors with white segments and yellow trumpet include ‘Bravoure’, ‘Las Vegas’, and ‘Topolino’; among those with yellow segments and some white on the trumpet are ‘Pistachio’ and ‘Pay Day’.

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