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Narcissus, Large-cupped daffodils

Large-cupped daffodils
Amaryllidaceae
Bulbs and bulblike plants, Perennials

NARCISSUS

Beyond their fascinating variety in flower form and color, these natives of Europe and North Africa offer numerous appealing traits. They are permanent, increasing from year to year; they stand up to cold (most are hardy to –30°F/–34°C) and heat; and they are useful in many garden situations. Given minimum care at planting, they thrive with virtually no further attention. These plants do not require summer watering (but will take it), need only infrequent division (and will even survive without it), and are totally unappetizing to gophers and deer. They bloom in late winter or spring. All plants known by the names “daffodil,” “narcissus,” and “jonquil” are properly Narcissus.

Flowers may be borne singly or in clusters. Colors are basically yellow and white, but there are many variations: shades of orange, red, apricot, pink, cream. Some are fragrant. Leaves may be straight and flat (strap shaped) or narrow and rushlike.

Use them among trees and flowering shrubs, in groundcover plantings, near water, in rock gardens, or in borders. Naturalize them in sweeping drifts where space is available.

Narcissus, Large-cupped daffodils

The cup is shorter than the perianth segments, but is always more than one-third their length; one flower per stem. Varieties include ‘Stainless’ (white); ‘Carlton’ and ‘Saint Keverne’ (both yellow). Varieties with white perianth segments and colored cup include ‘Ice Follies’ (yellow cup); ‘Accent’, ‘Salome’ (pink cup); ‘Fragrant Rose’ (reddish pink cup); ‘Redhill’ (reddish orange cup). ‘Ambergate’, ‘Ceylon’, and ‘Fortissimo’ all have yellow perianth segments and an orange or red cup. Those with yellow segments and white cup include ‘Fellows Favorite’ and ‘Altun Ha’.

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