Plant FinderPlant Finder Graphic
Ocimum basilicum
Ocimum basilicum

Click to Enlarge

Zone
Zones A1-A3, 1-45, H1, H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Ocimum basilicum

Basil
Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Annuals, Herbs

From tropical and subtropical Asia. Somewhat bushy plant to 2 ft. tall and 1 ft. wide, with green, shiny, 1–2-in.-long leaves and spikes of white flowers. Forms with purple or variegated leaves have purple flowers. Very popular culinary herb. Used fresh or dry, its leaves lend a pleasant, mildly sweet flavor to sauces and cooked dishes of all sorts. The best leaves are from younger stems that have not yet borne flowers.

There is a dwarf, small-leafed kind that thrives in containers. Sow seeds of any basil in early spring; or set out nursery plants after all danger of frost is past. Space plants 10–12 in. apart or thin to this distance.

You Might Also Like...

Helichrysum bracteatum

From Australia. Grows to 2–3 ft. tall and 1 ft. wide, with strap-like, 2–5-in.-long, mediu...

Perilla frutescens

Native from the Himalayas to eastern Asia. Sturdy, leafy warm-weather plant grows very quickly to 2&nd...

Shallot

Shallots resemble onions and, like them, are in the genus Allium. Thought to have origin...

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

View Maps Learn More

Advertisement