Bulbs and bulblike plants, Perennials
Clusters of typically star-shaped flowers appear on these small, grassy plants in the spring; but Ornithogalum dubium may start blooming in late winter. Leaves vary from narrow to broad and tend to droop. In mild-winter areas, ornithogalums can fill many different roles. Set them in open woodlands, wild gardens, or rock gardens, where many kinds will naturalize; plant them in containers or mass them in borders.
Where cold winters prevent growing ornithogalums outdoors, plant the bulbs in pots and force them to early flowering indoors or in a greenhouse. Plant bulbs in early fall in well-drained soil amended with plenty of organic matter, setting them 3 in. deep and 3 to 4 in. apart. Provide regular moisture during growth and bloom. In areas with summer rainfall, grow them in pots to keep them dry. Dig and divide plantings of all species only when plant vigor and bloom quality decline.
From South Africa. Stems 8 to 12 in. high bear 2-in. waxy looking yellow-orange flowers, each centered with a shiny, bead-like black eye. Dark green to yellowish green, lance-shaped leaves are about 4 in. long, nearly prostrate.Ornithogalum thyrsoides
From Namaqualand, South Africa. Leaves grow 6 to 12 in. long, to 2 in. wide, sometimes dry at flowering. Bloom stalks rise 8 to 32 in. above ground, producing masses of long-lasting white flowers from mid to late spring.Ornithogalum umbellatum
From the eastern Mediterranean. Stems to 1 ft. tall bear clusters of 1-in. white flowers striped green on the outside. Semierect, grassy-looking leaves about as long as flower stems. Cut flowers last well but close at night. Once established, may naturalize and become weedy.
All squills have bell-shaped or starlike flowers that come on leafless stems that rise from modest clu...
Native near Pacific coast, Japan to northwestern U.S. Grows 9 to 18 in. high, with whorls of leaves ar...
To 4–10 in. high, 8 in. wide. Leaves similar to those of polyanthus primrose. Evergreen in milder clim...