Evergreen, Ground covers, Perennials
Spreading slowly but surely by underground runners, these are invaluable ground covers for shady places. Compact growth and clean-looking, attractive foliage are their chief virtues. Spring flowers are not showy when viewed casually but are attractive at close range. Plants have somewhat woody growth, Pachysandra terminalis more so than P. procumbens. Compete successfully with tree roots. Give them moist, somewhat acid soil, well amended with organic material; for good coverage, plant both species 1 ft. apart. Too much sun yellows the foliage and causes poor growth. Hardy to cold.
Performs better in northern part of range. From Japan and northern China. To 8–12 in. high. Evergreen leaves are shiny dark green, 2 to 4 in. long, look like they've been cut out with pinking shears; upper half of each leaf is shallowly toothed. Small white flowers are borne in 1 to 2-in. spikes. Withstands heavy shade and is widely used under trees.