Native to Iran. Slow growing to 15–35 ft. tall and wide; naturally multistemmed but can be trained to a single trunk. Oval, 3–6-in.-long leaves have wavy margins; upper half is shallowly toothed. Choice, colorful tree, attractive in all seasons. Most dramatic display comes in autumn: leaves usually turn golden yellow, then orange or rosy pink, and finally scarlet. Smooth gray bark flakes off to reveal white patches; showy when on display in winter. Dense clusters of tiny flowers with red stamens and woolly brown bracts appear in late winter or early spring before leaves open; they give the plant an overall reddish haze. New foliage unfurls reddish purple, matures to lustrous dark green. Prefers slightly acid soil but tolerates alkaline soil.
Charming dwarf form to just 3 in. high, 1 ft. wide, with white flowers.
From China, Tibet. To 6–8 ft. tall, 6 ft. wide. Nearly round, 2–3-ft.-wide leaves are deep...
Best known of several selections is ‘Sulphureum‘, 12-20 in. tall, with light yellow flower...