Like firs (Abies), spruces are pyramidal, with branches arranged in neat tiers. Unlike firs, however, they have pendent cones, and their needles are stiffer and attached to branches by small pegs that remain behind after the needles drop.
Most spruces are tall timber trees that lose their lower branches fairly early in life as they head upward; their canopies thin out noticeably as they age.
Many species have dwarf varieties useful for foundation plantings, in rock gardens, in containers; these plants have shallow root systems and so need a reasonably cool location. Spruces generally grow best where summers are cool or mild; they will not thrive in heat and humidity. Spruces have no special soil requirements.
Birds are attracted to these trees—both for seeds and for shelter. Check spruces for small, dull green aphids in winter; if they—re present, take control measures at that time to prevent defoliation in spring.
Pine needle scale (look for flat, white scale insects on needles) may encourage sooty mold. In Rocky Mountain states, spruces may be bothered by spider mites and tussock moths.Picea glauca
Native to Canada and northern U.S. Cone-shaped, densely foliaged tree to 60–70 ft. tall and 10–12 ft.wide. Broad when young, narrower in age. Pendulous twigs; silver-green needles. Growth is best where winters are very cold
Compact, cone-shaped, bushy shrub grows slowly, reaching 6–8 ft. tall, 4–5 ft. wide in 35 ...
Native to Canada and northern U.S. Cone-shaped, densely foliaged tree to 60–70 ft. tall and 10&ndash
These grow 4- to 5-ft. tall, 2 ft. wide. These English-bred hybrid groups are descended from plants na...