Like firs (Abies), spruces are pyramidal, with branches arranged in neat tiers. Unlike firs, however, they have pendent cones, and their needles are stiffer and attached to branches by small pegs that remain behind after the needles drop.
Most spruces are tall timber trees that lose their lower branches fairly early in life as they head upward; their canopies thin out noticeably as they age.
Many species have dwarf varieties useful for foundation plantings, in rock gardens, in containers; these plants have shallow root systems and so need a reasonably cool location. Spruces generally grow best where summers are cool or mild; they will not thrive in heat and humidity. Spruces have no special soil requirements.
Birds are attracted to these trees—both for seeds and for shelter. Check spruces for small, dull green aphids in winter; if they—re present, take control measures at that time to prevent defoliation in spring.
Pine needle scale (look for flat, white scale insects on needles) may encourage sooty mold. In Rocky Mountain states, spruces may be bothered by spider mites and tussock moths.Picea omorika
Native to southeastern Europe. Narrow, conical, slow-growing tree to 50–60 ft. tall and just 6–10 ft.wide. Shiny, dark green needles have whitish undersides. Retains branches to the ground for many years. Considered by some to be the most attractive of all spruces. It is the one least likely to be seriously damaged by Cooley spruce gall adelgid.‘
Native to southeastern Europe. Narrow, conical, slow-growing tree to 50–60 ft. tall and just 6&ndash
Native from Newfoundland to Manitoba, south to Georgia, west to Illinois and Iowa. Slow in seedling st...
Native to northern latitudes of America and Asia. To 1–3 ft. high and wide. New growth is silver...