Western Sword Fern
Hardy, symmetrical, easy-to-grow plants with evergreen fronds, except in the case of Polystichum braunii. Among the most useful and widely planted ferns; combine well with other plants. Do best in rich, well-drained soil. Use in shady beds, along house walls, and in mixed woodland plantings.
Native from California to Alaska and Montana, Idaho, and South Dakota. Most common fern of Western forests. To 2–4 ft. high and wide. Leathery, lustrous dark green fronds are erect, then spreading. Each leaflet is dagger shaped,with toothed edges and a base that looks rather like a sword hilt. Old plants may have 75–100 fronds. Long lasting when cut for arrangements. Established plants get by with reduced moisture.
Native from California to Alaska and Montana, Idaho, and South Dakota. Most common fern of Western for...
Flowers are velvety, dark violet.
Eastern U.S. natives, black raspberries (Rubus occidentalis), also called blackcap raspberrie...