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Zone
Zones 1-9, 14-17, 32-43
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Partial, Shade
Regular Water
Moderate

Pulmonaria

Lungwort
Boraginaceae
Ground covers, Herbs, Perennials

Low-growing shade lovers with quiet charm. In many kinds, foliage is attractively dappled with gray or silver. The long-stalked leaves are mostly in basal clumps, though there are a few on the flower stalks. Plants bloom in late winter or early spring (just before leaves appear or as they emerge), bearing drooping clusters of funnel-shaped, typically blue or purplish flowers. After flowering finishes, more leaves arise from the base of the clump.

If plants are well watered, foliage will remain ornamental through the growing season. All have creeping roots and can be used as small-scale groundcovers or edgings for beds or woodland paths. Need moist, well-drained, organically enriched soil. Clumps may become crowded after a few years; divide them in early fall.

Pulmonaria angustifolia

Native to Europe. Grows to 8–12 in. high aand 1 1/2 ft. wide, with narrowish dark green leaves and bright blue flowers that open from pink buds. P. a. azurea has sky blue blossoms.

Pulmonaria saccharata ‘Mrs. Moon’
Pulmonaria saccharata ‘Mrs. Moon’

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Pulmonaria saccharata

From Europe. Grows to 1 1/ ft. high and 2 ft. wide, with elliptical, medium green, silver-spotted leaves and blue flowers opening from pink buds. Specialists usually offer named selections, including early-blooming ‘Highdown’ (‘Lewis Palmer’), with deep blue blossoms; old favorite ‘Mrs. Moon’, with large leaves and pink flowers aging from pink to blue; ‘Sissinghurst White’, with large white blooms; and ‘Smoky Blue’, with blue flowers atop deep green, white-spotted leaves.

 

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