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Zones 1-11, 14-23
Partial Sun
Regular Water


Asteraceae (Compositae)

From mid- or late summer into fall, these eastern U.S. natives enliven the garden with large, branching clusters of small bright yellow flowers. Blossoms are carried on leafy stems that rise from tough, woody, spreading rootstocks. Leaves are narrow, generally linear to lance shaped.

Goldenrods are not as widely grown as they deserve to be, largely due to the mistaken belief that their pollen causes hay fever (in fact, other plants are responsible). All are tough plants that thrive in not-too-rich soil. Use in informal borders or naturalize in meadows.

Solidago hybrids

The following are among the best garden varieties.

‘Crown of Rays’. Grows to 2–3 ft. tall and 1–2 ft. wide, with flattish flower clusters.

‘Golden Baby’. Grows to 2 ft. tall  and 1 1/2 ft. wide; flower clusters are plumelike.

‘Goldenmosa’. Grows to 2 1/2 ft. tall and 1 1/2 ft. wide. Very large clusters of blossoms are reminiscent of florists’ mimosa (Acacia baileyana).

‘Little Lemon’. Grows to 10–12 in. tall and 15 in. wide. Long-blooming. Great in pots.

Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’
Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’

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Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’

Grows to 4 ft. tall and 3 ft. wide. Narrow streamers of yellow flowers arch outward and downward like the vapor trails of a skyrocket.

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