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Zone
Zones A3, 3-9, 14-24
Full SunPartial SunNo Sun
Full, Partial, Shade
Regular Water
Moderate
Toxicity
Fruit (seeds) and foliage are poisonous if ingested

Taxus

Yew
Taxaceae
Evergreen, Shrubs, Trees

Yews are conifers, but they do not bear cones. Instead, they produce fleshy, scarlet (rarely yellow), cup-shaped, single-seeded, berrylike fruit. In general, yews are darker green, more formal looking, and more tolerant of shade and moisture than most cultivated conifers. Long lived; take much shearing and pruning, since they sprout from bare wood.

Taxus baccata
Taxus baccata

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Taxus baccata

From Europe, north Africa, west Asia. Grows 25 to 40 ft. or taller, 15 to 25 ft.wide, with a broad, low crown. Needles are 1/2 to 1 1/2 in. long, dark green and glossy above, pale beneath; spirally arranged.

Taxus cuspidata

In its native Japan, a tree to 50 ft. tall; in North America, usually seen as a compact, pyramidal tree that grows 10 to 25 ft. (possibly taller), half as wide. Can be kept lower by pinching new growth. Fruits heavily. This is the most useful yew in cold-winter areas east of Cascades. Will succeed in shaded areas of Rocky Mountain gardens. Needles are 1/2–1 in. long, dark green above, tinged yellowish beneath; usually arranged in two rows along twigs to make a flat or V-shaped spray.

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