Western Red Cedar
Evergreen, Shrubs, Trees
Neat, symmetrical plants often trimmed into geometrical forms—globes, cones, and cylinders. Juvenile foliage is feathery, with small, needlelike leaves; mature foliage is scalelike, carried in flat sprays. Foliage in better-known varieties is often yellow green or bright golden yellow. Small cones are green or bluish green, turning to brownish. Arborvitaes will take both damp and fairly dry soils, but they grow best in well-drained soil.Thuja plicata
Native from coastal Northern California northward to Alaska and inward to Montana. Plants grown from inland seed are hardy anywhere in the West; those from coastal seed are less hardy to cold. Can reach over 200 ft. tall in the coastal belt of Washington, but a more typical garden size is 50–100 ft. tall and 25–60 ft. wide. Slender, drooping branchlets are closely set with dark green leaf sprays. Single trees are magnificent in large lawns, but bear in mind that their lower branches spread quite broadly—and that the trees lose their characteristic beauty if these are cut off. Many compact varieties are available, some with gold to yellow foliage.
Deciduous, from Europe, North Africa, and central Asia. Grows to 8–15 ft. tall and wide, with ar...
Native to Europe and North America. Tufted mounds spread to 1 ft.; white to rose-pink flowers are tigh...
Grows to 8 in. high; spreads by rhizomes and stolons to 3 ft. wide. Leaves are 1–3 in. long, gre...