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Trillium

Wake Robin
Liliaceae
Perennials

Blooms in early spring; needs some winter chill. Each stem is topped with a whorl of three leaves; a single three-petaled flower appears in the center of the whorl (sometimes on a stalk, sometimes virtually stalkless). Plant in shady, woodsy site. Left undisturbed, plants will gradually increase by rhizomes. Dies to ground in mid- to late summer.

Trillium chloropetalum

Native to California.To 1–1 1/2 ft. high and 1 ft.wide, with 6-in.-long leaves mottledin maroon. Stalkless flowershave greenish white toyellowish petals about 2 1/2 in.long. T. c. giganteum has deepmaroon petals.

Trillium grandiflorum

Native to the eastern United States. Grows to 1 1/2 ft. tall, 1 ft. wide, with stout stems and 2 1/2- to 6-in.-long leaves. Nearly stalkless flowers are nodding, to 3 in. across, white aging to rose. There are several choice double-flowered forms.

Trillium ovatum

Western native. Resembles T. grandiflorum but has narrower petals; flowers are usually upright and are borne on stalks.

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