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Tsuga canadensis
Tsuga canadensis

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Zone
Zones A3, 2-7, 17, 32-43
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Full, Partial
Regular Water
Moderate

Tsuga canadensis

Canada Hemlock
Pinaceae
Evergreen, Trees

TSUGA

These are mostly big, shallow-rooted trees with an unusually graceful appearance. Horizontal to drooping branches bear needlelike leaves that are banded with white beneath, flattened and narrowed at the base to form distinct, short stalks. Small, oval brown cones hang down from branches. Deeply furrowed bark. Need some winter chill.

Do best with acid soil, summer humidity, and protection from hot sun and wind. Take well to heavy pruning; make excellent clipped hedges and screens. Easily damaged by salt and drought. In the Northwest, the hemlock woolly aphid can weaken these plants, especially those grown as hedges; it affects mainly T. heterophylla.

Tsuga canadensis

Dense, pyramidal tree to 40–70 ft. or taller and half as wide. Tends to produce two or more trunks. Outer branchlets droop gracefully. Dark green needles are mostly arranged in opposite rows. Fine lawn tree, good background plant, and outstanding clipped hedge. Many dwarf selections are available.

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