These are mostly big, shallow-rooted trees with an unusually graceful appearance. Horizontal to drooping branches bear needlelike leaves that are banded with white beneath, flattened and narrowed at the base to form distinct, short stalks. Small, oval brown cones hang down from branches. Deeply furrowed bark. Need some winter chill.
Do best with acid soil, summer humidity, and protection from hot sun and wind. Take well to heavy pruning; make excellent clipped hedges and screens. Easily damaged by salt and drought. In the Northwest, the hemlock woolly aphid can weaken these plants, especially those grown as hedges; it affects mainly T. heterophylla.Tsuga canadensis
Dense, pyramidal tree to 40–70 ft. or taller and half as wide. Tends to produce two or more trunks. Outer branchlets droop gracefully. Dark green needles are mostly arranged in opposite rows. Fine lawn tree, good background plant, and outstanding clipped hedge. Many dwarf selections are available.
Dense, pyramidal tree to 40–70 ft. or taller and half as wide. Tends to produce two or more trun...
Native to the mountains of central Europe. Grows extremely slowly to 50–70 ft. or taller and 20&...
Native to eastern North America. Grows to 20 ft. or more. Oval, tooth-edged leaves to 4 in. long. Frui...