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Zones A2, A3, 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 34, 37-45
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Blueberry, Lowbush

Lowbush Blueberry
Deciduous, Edible fruit, Ground covers, Shrubs


Native to eastern North America; for ornamental species, see Vaccinium.

Most blueberries grown for fruit are also handsome shrubs suitable for hedges or shrub borders. Leaves, to 3 in. long, are bronze when new, maturing to dark green, turning scarlet or yellow in fall. Tiny, urn-shaped spring flowers are white or pinkish. Summer fruit is decorative.

Blueberries thrive under conditions that suit rhododendrons and azaleas, to which they are related. They need cool, moist, well-drained acid soil (pH 4.5–5.5). Where soil isn’t acidic enough, either create proper conditions in garden soil or grow in containers filled with acidic potting mix.

For more information about how to grow blueberries, go to How to Choose and Grow Blueberries.

Blueberry, Lowbush

Native to northeastern North America; for ornamental species in the same genus, see Vaccinium.

Though horticultural varieties of this groundcover species (V. angustifolium) exist, seedlings or wild plants are most commonly cultivated. In Maine and Canada’s Maritime provinces, fruit from wild plants is harvested in commercial quantities. Very sweet bluish-black berries mature in summer. Plants grow from a few inches high to 2 ft. tall; they spread by underground roots to cover large areas. They can thrive in poor, rocky, thin soil as long as it is acid and drains well.

Rejuvenate plants by cutting all growth back to 1-2 in. every few years.

This is one parent of hardy half-high blueberries.

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