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Verbena bonariensis
Verbena bonariensis

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Zones vary by species.
Full Sun
Ample WaterRegular WaterMinimal Water
Ample, Moderate, Minimal


Annuals, Ground covers, Perennials

Bear clusters of small, tubular, five-petaled flowers, usually in summer. Most are fast-growing ground covers, good in parking strips, along driveways, on dry banks; also attractive in wall crevices, hanging baskets. Best in hot weather. Need good air circulation (to avoid mildew) and well-drained soil, especially in winter. Many treated as annuals.

Verbena bipinnatifida

Native from western Great Plains to Mexico. To 8–16 in. high, 1/2 ft. or wider. Finely divided leaves and blue flowers. Self-sows.

Verbena bonariensis
Verbena bonariensis

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Verbena bonariensis

Border plant to 3–6 ft. tall, 1/2 –3 ft. wide, with airy, branching stems carrying purple flowers. Leaves are mostly basal. Plants see-through quality makes it suited for foreground as well as back of border. Self-sows freely.

Verbena gooddingii

Nativeto Southwest deserts. To 1 1/2–2 ft. high and 3–4 ft. wide, withsmall, deeply cut leaves. Pinkishlavender flowers at ends ofshort spikes. Blooms first summerfrom seed sown in spring.Can reseed. Little to moderatewater.

Verbena hybrid

Many-branched plant 6–12 in. high, 1/2 –3 ft. wide. Oblong, 2– 4-in., bright green or gray-green leaves with toothed margins. Flowers in flat, compact clusters to 3 in. wide. Colors include white, pink, red, purple, blue, and combinations. Often treated as an annual.

Verbena lilacina

Native to Baja California.To 1 ft. high, 3 ft. or wider.Light green, deeply cut leaves.Lilac-colored flowers bloom fromspring to fall (nearly all year, inmildest areas). Useful groundcoverfor hot, dry sites. ‘De LaMina’ forms a 3-ft. mound, hasdarker purple flowers. Little tomoderate water.

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