Trailing, arching stems that root where they touch soil make these plants useful as groundcovers and bank covers. Shiny dark green, oval to oblong leaves. Lavender-blue, five-petaled, pinwheel-shaped flowers appear in leaf joints in early spring. Plant the larger species and its varieties 2–2 1/2 ft. apart, dwarf kinds 1/2 ft. apart.
When plantings mound up or are layered with old stems, shear or mow before new spring growth begins. Will grow in almost any soil. Compete successfully with surface tree roots.
Miniature version of V. major, with 3/4–1 3/4-in.-long leaves, flowers to 1 in. wide, and a height of just 4–6 in. More restrained, less likely to invade adjacent plantings. White-flowered and variegated forms at available.
European native for rock gardens or naturalizing. In bulb and leaf, resembles small hyacinth, but 10-i...
From the Mediterranean and western Asia. Grows to 2–3 ft. high and wide, with downy, heart-shape...
Himalayan native to 1 1/2 ft. high, spreading by rhizomes. Long-stalked, medium green, 2 1/2-in.-wide ...