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Zones 1-43
Full Sun
Regular Water

Yucca filamentosa

Adam’s Needle
Evergreen, Perennials, Shrubs


Yuccas grow over much of North America. All have tough, sword-shaped leaves and large clusters of typically white or whitish, rounded to bell-shaped flowers. Some are stemless clumps; others have trunks and reach tree size. Group yuccas with cacti or with agaves or other succulents; or grow them with softer-leafed tropical foliage plants. Taller kinds have striking silhouettes, and even stemless species provide important vertical accents when in bloom. Keep those with stiff, sharp-pointed leaves away from walks, terraces, and other well-traveled areas. (Some people clip off the sharp tips with nail clippers.)

Best in well-drained soil. Most need only occasional deep soakings.

Yucca filamentosa

From the southeastern U.S. Stemless plant grows to 2 1/2 ft. tall and 5 ft. wide. Stiff dark green leaves to 1/2 ft. long and 1 in. wide, with long, loose fibers at the edges. In late spring and summer, bears yellowish white, 2–3-in. flowers (lightly fragrant in the evening) in narrow clusters to 4–7 ft. or taller. One of the hardiest, most widely planted yuccas in colder regions. Regular water.

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