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Evergreen ferns noted for their symmetrical, formal appearance; some form a small trunk. Plants dislike overhead watering when air is humid or still.

Blechnum brasiliense

Native to Brazil, Peru. This dwarf tree fern grows to 4 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide. Nearly erect fronds grow in compact clusters, are reddish when young. ‘Crispum’ has elegantly ruffled fronds.

Blechnum gibbum

Native to Fiji. Dwarf tree fern with 3-ft.-wide crown of fronds atop a slender trunk that eventually reaches 3 ft. high.

Blechnum penna-marina
Blechnum penna-marina

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Blechnum penna-marina

Native to South America. Spreads slowly in cool, moist, sheltered places to make patches of refined-looking, 4–8-in. fronds. Sterile fronds have wider lobes than fertile ones. Needs frost protection in Zones 4–6. Can be used as a houseplant.

Blechnum spicant
Blechnum spicant

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Blechnum spicant

Native primarily to coastal forests of Northern California and Northwest. Glossy deep green fern with two strikingly different kinds of fronds: sterile ones are 1 3/4 in. wide, spreading or angled, 1–3 ft. tall; fertile ones are narrower and stiffly erect, with slender, widely spaced leaflets. Forms a clump to 3 ft. wide.

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Origanum x majoricum

Hybrid between O. majorana and O. vulgare. Grows to 1–2 ft. tall and wide, wit...

Sorbaria sorbifolia

Native toeastern Asia. Grows to 3–8 ft.tall, 10 ft. wide. Leaves 6–12 in.long; flower plumes to 1 ft. ...


Previously included in Cassia and still often sold as such, these species have been reclassif...

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