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Zone
Zones A1-A3, 1-45, H1, H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate
Toxicity
Some people have severe reactions to the beans and the pollen.

Fava bean

Fava bean, Broad bean
Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Annuals, Vegetables

From northwest Africa and Southwest Asia. Actually a giant vetch, this cool-season bean is best known in coastal climates. Cook and eat immature pods like edible pod peas; prepare immature and mature seeds in the same way as green or dry limas. Note that a very few people (mainly of Mediterranean ancestry) have an enzyme deficiency that can cause severe reactions to the beans and even the pollen.

Apart from its use as a culinary vegetable, this is often grown as a winter cover crop that is tilled into the soil to enrich and improve it before spring planting.

In cold-winter areas, plant as early in spring as the soil can be worked; in mild climates, plant in fall for harvest in late winter or early spring. Matures in 120 to 150 days. Space rows 1 1/2–2 1/2 ft. apart. Sow seeds 1 in. deep, 4–5 in. apart; thin to 8–10 in. apart. Plants produce bushy growth to 2–4 ft. high.

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