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Anagillis ‘Wildcat Blue’ (photo courtesy of Proven Winners)
Anagillis ‘Wildcat Blue’ (photo courtesy of Proven Winners)

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Zone
Zones vary by species.
Full Sun
Full
Ample WaterRegular WaterMinimal Water
Ample, Moderate, Minimal

Anagallis

Pimpernel
Primulaceae
Annuals, Perennials, Flowers

Two colorful species are seen in the West, one an annual weed and the other an attractive perennial. Newer hybrids are becoming popular.

Anagallis arvensis caerulea (photo courtesy of Doreen L. Wynja)
Anagallis arvensis caerulea (photo courtesy of Doreen L. Wynja)

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Anagallis arvensis

Annual. This low-growing, weedy plant from Europe has bright green leaves and 1/2-in., brick red flowers. Has naturalized in California. A. a. caerulea has deep blue, larger flowers; it tolerates most soils and heat, thrives in dry gardens, and grows well in containers.

Anagallis hybrids

Summer annuals. ‘Cinnamon’ has medium pink blooms; those of ‘Spice’ are light pink. Both are low (3 in. high) and spreading, with small, spicily scented leaves. The Wildcat series is taller, 6–12 in. high, and comes in shades of blue, orange, and pink. All are good in containers and hanging baskets.

Anagallis monelli

Perennial. This Mediterranean native grows to 1–1 1/2 ft. tall and wide, with 3/4-in. flowers of intense blue. ‘Pacific Blue’ and ‘Skylover’ are superior selections. ‘Phillipsii’ is compact at 1 ft. tall, and A. m. linifolia has narrower leaves than the species. All bloom from summer to frost. 

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