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Araucaria heterophylla (photo courtesy of Doreen L. Wynja)
Araucaria heterophylla (photo courtesy of Doreen L. Wynja)

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Zone
Zones 17, 21-24, H1, H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Araucaria heterophylla

Norfolk Island Pine
Araucariaceae
Evergreen, Trees

ARAUCARIA

These strange looking conifers provide a distinctive silhouette with their evenly spread tiers of stiff branches. Most have stiff, closely overlapping, dark to bright-green leaves. All do well in a wide range of soils with adequate drainage.

Make impressive skyline trees and are seen in that role in many parks and old estates, especially in California, but they become so towering that they really do need the space they have in a park or large, open property. Not trees to sit under: with age they bear large, spiny, 10–15-lb. cones that fall with a crash. They thrive in containers for several years, even in desert areas.

Araucaria heterophylla

Native to Norfolk Island, near Australia. Grows moderately fast to 100 ft. tall and 60 ft. wide, with a pyramidal shape. Juvenile leaves are rather narrow, 1/2 in. long, curved, sharp pointed; mature leaves are somewhat triangular, densely overlapping. Can be held in pots for years—outdoors in mild climates, indoors anywhere. Popular as a Christmas tree in Hawaii.

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