Plants vary from creeping groundcovers to treelike shrubs, but all have small, urn-shaped white or pink flowers, usually in late winter to early spring, followed by berrylike red or brown fruits that attract birds. Most are characterized by (and admired for) crooked branches with smooth red to purple bark.
Manzanitas require excellent drainage, but they can tolerate poor soil and in fact prefer rocky or sandy, acid soils to rich, heavy ones. To get quick coverage from low groundcover types, plant about 2 ft. apart, then mulch to suppress weeds and encourage rooting along stems. The first summer after planting any manzanita, water every 4–7 days, depending on the weather. Once established, plants in warm-summer areas generally thrive on once-a-month watering in well-drained soil; in heavy soil and where summers are cool, they need less frequent irrigation. You may get away with watering just once or twice a summer.
Regular pruning is not required. To make plants denser and more uniformly compact, pinch new spring growth to force branching. On types with interesting branch structure, remove any limbs that detract from effect. Don’t cut into bare wood; plants won’t send out new growth.Arctostaphylos glauca
Native from California to Baja California. Spreading shrub to 15 ft. tall and 20 ft. wide, with dark reddish brown bark and 3-in., blue-gray leaves. Clusters of pink to white flowers.
Unusual, twisted, cockscomb-like growth at branch ends. Grows into an upright cone 12–15 ft. tal...
Native to California and Oregon. Grows to 2 ft. high and wide, with stiffly upright green or gray-gree...
Native to South America, principally Chile. These fast-growing plants look good year-round in a border...