Evergreen, Shrubs, Flowers
Plants vary from creeping groundcovers to treelike shrubs, but all have small, urn-shaped white or pink flowers, usually in late winter to early spring, followed by berrylike red or brown fruits that attract birds. Most are characterized by (and admired for) crooked branches with smooth red to purple bark.
Manzanitas require excellent drainage, but they can tolerate poor soil and in fact prefer rocky or sandy, acid soils to rich, heavy ones. To get quick coverage from low groundcover types, plant about 2 ft. apart, then mulch to suppress weeds and encourage rooting along stems. The first summer after planting any manzanita, water every 4–7 days, depending on the weather. Once established, plants in warm-summer areas generally thrive on once-a-month watering in well-drained soil; in heavy soil and where summers are cool, they need less frequent irrigation. You may get away with watering just once or twice a summer.
Regular pruning is not required. To make plants denser and more uniformly compact, pinch new spring growth to force branching. On types with interesting branch structure, remove any limbs that detract from effect. Don’t cut into bare wood; plants won’t send out new growth.Arctostaphylos pajaroensis
Native to central Monterey Bay area, California. Grows to 3–8 ft. tall and 10–12 ft. wide. New growth is bronzy, maturing to bluish green; pink to white flowers bloom over a long period. ‘Paradise’ is a pink-flowered selection with long-lasting bronze foliage color. ‘Warren Roberts’ is similar, but with a tighter, more upright habit; mature leaves are bluer in color and new growth is darker bronze.
Grows to 20–80 ft. tall and wide. Slim blue-green leaves turn bronze in winter. Bark is iron-bla...
Groundcover native to South Africa. Forms a tight mat 2–3 in. high, spreading slowly by offsets ...
Variable, but all forms are dense growers with half-inch-long gray leaves. ‘Billywing’, to...