Plant FinderPlant Finder Graphic
Zones vary by species.
Partial SunNo Sun
Partial, Shade
Regular Water
Sap is an irritant if ingested



Attractively veined, arrow-shaped leaves grow from tubers in fall or winter. In spring, short stalks bear curious, often malodorous, callalike blooms featuring a bract (spathe) that half encloses a thick, fleshy spike (spadix) set with tiny flowers. These blossoms are followed by dense clusters of fruit, typically bright red, that look like little ears of corn and persist after leaves have died to the ground. Use this plant in shady flower borders or as a tropical-looking groundcover.

Plant tubers in well-drained soil in late summer or early fall (toward the end of their dormancy), setting them 8–12 in. apart and 4–6 in. deep. Dormant plantings accept summer moisture but don’t need it.

Arum italicum (photo courtesy of Rob Cardillo)
Arum italicum (photo courtesy of Rob Cardillo)

Click to Enlarge

Arum italicum

Native to southern and western Europe. Foot-long leaves on leafstalks of equal length emerge in fall or early winter. Short stems carry white or greenish white (sometimes purple-spotted) flowers in spring and early summer, followed by orange-red fruits. The spathe stands erect, then folds over to conceal the short yellow spadix. Leaves die to ground after bloom. In favorable situations, plants naturalize by volunteer seedlings. ‘Marmoratum’ (‘Pictum’) has white-veined leaves.

You Might Also Like...

Agave havardiana

From southeastern New Mexico, western Texas, and adjacent areas of Mexico. Usually forms a single, com...

Alyxia oliviformis

A Hawaiian native, this plant is found in various habitats—dry to wet, sea level to high elevati...

Rhododendron (Azalea hybrid - Southern Indica) 'Duc de Rohan'

Grows 3 ft. tall and wide; single, salmon-colored flowers.

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

View Maps Learn More