Plant FinderPlant Finder Graphic
Zones 10-13
Full SunPartial Sun
Full, Partial
Regular Water

Celtis pallida

Desert Hackberry, Granjeno
Deciduous, Edible fruit, Shrubs, Trees



Related to elms (Ulmus) and similar to them in most details, but smaller. All have virtue of deep rooting; old trees in narrow planting strips expand in trunk diameter to nearly fill strips without producing surface roots or heaving sidewalk or curb. Good choice for street or lawn tree, even near buildings or paving. Canopy casts moderate shade in spring and summer; leaves turn yellow in fall. Mature trees have picturesque bark with corky warts and ridges. Small berrylike fruits attract birds.

Hackberry is exceptionally tough, tolerating strong winds (stake young trees until well established), desert heat, and dry, alkaline soils. Leaf gall caused by psyllids may disfigure hackberry leaves in some regions (especially in the Rocky Mountain states and Pacific Northwest), but the trees are not harmed. Little pruning required. Bare-root plants, especially in larger sizes, sometimes fail to leaf out.


Celtis pallida

Native to southwestern U.S.and northern Mexico. Smalltree or shrub with dense, spinygrowth to 18 ft. tall; variable inwidth, sometimes growing widerthan tall. Small orange berries.Useful in desert as honeysource or bird food, for screenor barrier planting, for erosioncontrol.

You Might Also Like...

Sophora arizonica

Nativeto Arizona. Grows slowly to 3–10 ft. tall and wide. Dark gray-greenleaves have five to nine1/2–1...

Fraxinus greggii

Native from Arizona to Texas. Shrubby tree to 18–20 ft. tall and 10–15 ft. wide, with bright green lea...

Vauquelinia californica

Native to southern Arizona, Baja California, Mexico. Open growing to 20 ft. tall, 15 ft. wide, with up...

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

View Maps Learn More