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Crataegus phaenopyrum
Crataegus phaenopyrum

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Zone
Zones 2-12, 14-17
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Washington Thorn
Rosaceae
Deciduous, Trees, Decorative fruit or berries

CRATAEGUS

Small trees, these members of the rose family are known for clusters of pretty, usually white flowers after leaf-out in spring and for showy fruit resembling tiny apples in summer and fall (and often into winter). They are typically multitrunked, with thorny branches that need some pruning to thin out excess twiggy growth. Many hawthorns produce water sprouts, which should be pruned out. They attract bees, birds.

Crataegus phaenopyrum (photo courtesy of Jerry Pavia)
Crataegus phaenopyrum (photo courtesy of Jerry Pavia)

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Crataegus phaenopyrum

Native to the southeastern U.S. Moderate growth to 25 ft. with a 20-ft. spread. Graceful, openlimb structure. Glossy, 2–3-in.-long leaves with three to five sharp-pointed lobes (like some maples); foliage turns beautiful orange, scarlet, or purplish in fall. Shiny red fruit hangs on well into winter. More graceful and delicate than other hawthorns; preferred street or lawn tree. One of the least prone to fireblight.

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